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Heart smart quiz—11

If you want to be heart healthy, you have to be heart smart. Test your knowledge by answering true or false to the following statements. Then check the answers below to see how well you did.


Heart defects are the most common type of major birth defect.


High blood pressure can lead to kidney disease.


The higher your levels of triglycerides—a fat found in the bloodstream and fat tissue—the better.


Herbs and spices such as fenugreek seeds and leaves, artichoke leaf extract, yarrow and holy basil may help reduce cholesterol levels.



  1. TRUE: About eight in every 1,000 babies are born with a structural problem in their heart, which can slow blood flow, cause blood to go in the wrong direction or to the wrong location, or block blood flow completely. Thankfully, many of these heart problems can be treated successfully.
  2. TRUE: High blood pressure is one of the leading causes of kidney disease. Small blood vessels in your kidneys remove waste and excess water and make urine. High blood pressure can damage these blood vessels.
  3. FALSE: High triglyceride levels—200 mg/dL and above—contribute to artery hardening. Ideally, you want levels less than 150 mg/dL.
  4. TRUE: Several studies have shown that these herbal products may reduce cholesterol levels, but always talk with your healthcare provider before trying any herbal supplements since their safety hasn’t been entirely established.