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Heart Smart Quiz—14

If you want to be heart healthy, you have to be heart smart. Test your knowledge by answering true or false to the following statements. Then check the answers below to see how well you did.

A heart attack with no apparent pain causes less damage.


Your healthcare provider should start screening for cardiovascular risk factors when you turn 40.


High blood pressure can almost always be prevented.


Ten years after you quit smoking, your risk for heart disease is the same as if you’d never smoked.



  1. False. Some people—particularly those who have diabetes—may experience only mild discomfort during a heart attack. But a lack of crushing chest pain or other severe symptoms doesn’t diminish the impact on your heart. Blood-starved heart muscle will still suffer serious, permanent damage. If you don’t have typical heart attack symptoms but experience extreme shortness of breath, fatigue or indigestion, seek medical attention immediately.
  2. False. Cardiovascular risk factor screenings should begin at age 20. Regular checks of your blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference and pulse every two years and a cholesterol profile and glucose testing every five years can help your doctor predict your like-lihood of developing cardiovascular disease.
  3. True. You can avoid high blood pressure if you have a plan that includes maintaining a healthy weight, being physically active and following a healthy eating plan that avoids high-sodium foods.
  4. False. Your heart needs 15 years to recover from tobacco’s damage and reduce your risk for atherosclerosis (fat buildup and hardening in your arteries) blood clots, coronary artery spasms and heart rhythm problems.