The American Diabetes Association recommends these nutrition tips for everyone—not just those with diabetes:
- Eat a variety of food. This helps ensure you get all the nutrients you need for good health.
- Balance the food you eat with physical activity—to maintain or improve your weight. Remember, you need to burn as many calories as you eat to keep your weight steady. If you want to lose weight, you need to eat fewer calories than you burn.
- Choose a diet with plenty of grain products, vegetables and fruit. These foods provide the most vitamins, minerals and fiber for the fewest calories.
- Choose a diet low in fat, saturated fat and cholesterol. A high-fat diet can lead to clogged arteries. This can lead to heart disease, and people with diabetes are already at high risk for heart disease.
- Choose a diet moderate in sugars. Foods like jelly beans and colas provide lots of calories with few or no nutrients. So enjoy them only occasionally.
- Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium. Shake the saltshaker lightly, if at all, and eat more fresh, unprocessed foods.