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Early cancer detection is the best hope for a cure. Discuss your personal cancer risk factors with your doctor and follow screening guidelines. This chart outlines cancer screening for people of average risk.

Screening Tests for Everyone

Colorectal Cancer: three important steps to follow

  1. Age 50 – begin screening
  2. Annual fecal occult blood test
  3. Digital rectal exam and sigmoidoscopy every 5 years

Screening Tests for Women

Breast cancer: three important steps to follow

  1. Age 20 to 40 – breast self-exam once a month
  2. Age 20 to 40 – breast exam by your health care provider every one to three years
  3. After 40 – breast exam by your doctor and screening mammograms once a year

Cervical cancer: two important steps to follow

Begins at age 18, or when a woman is sexually active:

  1. Age 18 to 40 – pelvic exam every one to three years Pap test for three consecutive normal years and then at the frequency suggested by her doctor.
  2. After age 40 – pelvic exam every year and pap test per doctor’s recommendation.

Endometrial cancer

  1. At menopause, discuss with your doctor the need to undergo endometrial tissue sampling.

Screening Tests for Men

Prostate cancer: three important steps to follow

  1. Age 50 – begin screening and continue every year
  2. Digital rectal exam and review of history
  3. Prostate-specific antigen blood test

The single best safeguard to your good health is to NOT use tobacco products.